Species of order “Miliolida” (22)

Alveolinella quoyi

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Alveolinidae” > Genus “Alveolinella

Original description Orbigny, A.D., , 1839, 2
Further reference Holzmann M., Hohenegger J., Hallock P., Piller W.E., Pawlowski J., 2001, Mar. Micropal., 43, 57-74 (602 KB)
Further reference Hohenegger, J., Yordanova, E., Nakano, N., Tatzreiter, F., 1999, Mar. Micropal., 109-168
Further reference Leutenegger, S., 1984, J. For. Res., 14, 16-35

General description

Alveolinidae have fusiform tests that are elongated along the coiling axis. The chambers of A. quoi are divided into chamberlets and numerous apertures occur in several longitudinal rows. Living specimens are characterized by a brownish colour, due to their diatom endosymbionts.

Representative pictures

Alveolinella quoi Alveolinella quoi
1 specimen

Amphisorus hemprichii

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Soritidae” > Genus “Amphisorus

Original description Ehrenberg, C., G., 1839, Physikal. Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 81-174
Further reference Holzmann M., Hohenegger J., Hallock P., Piller W.E., Pawlowski J., 2001, Mar. Micropal., 43, 57-74 (602 KB)
Further reference Pawlowski , J., Holzmann, M., Fahrni, J., Pochon, X., Lee, J., J., 2001, J. Eukaryot. Microbiol., 48, 368-373 (124 KB)
Further reference Garcia-Cuetos, L., Pochon, X., Pawlowski, J., 2005, Protist, 156, 399-412 (401 KB)
Description Gudmundsson, G., 1994, Micropaleontology, 40, 101-155

General description

Discoidal test with thickened rim and annular chambers that are divided into chamberlets; several rows of apertures on the peripheral margin. Living specimens are brownish due to dinophycean endosymbionts.

Representative pictures

Amphisorus hemprichii; Japan, Sesoko Amphisorus hemprichii; Israel, Elat; living specimen Amphisorus hemprichii; Israel, Elat; living specimen Amphisorus hemprichii, Japan, Sesoko Amphisorus hemprichii, Japan, Sesoko
4 specimens

Amphisorus kudakajimaensis

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Soritidae” > Genus “Amphisorus

Original description Gudmundsson, G., 1994, Micropaleontology, 40, 101-155
Further reference Holzmann M., Hohenegger J., Hallock P., Piller W.E., Pawlowski J., 2001, Mar. Micropal., 43, 57-74 (602 KB)
Further reference Pawlowski , J., Holzmann, M., Fahrni, J., Pochon, X., Lee, J., J., 2001, J. Eukaryot. Microbiol., 48, 368-373 (124 KB)

General description

Large discoidal test with annular chambers divided into chamberlets. Numerous elongated and irregular shaped apertures occur along the peripheral margin. Living specimens are brownish due to dinophycean endosymbionts.

Representative pictures

Amphisorus kudakajimaensis; living specimen Amphisorus kudakajimaensis Amphisorus kudakajimaensis; Japan, Sesoko Amphisorus kudakajimaensis, japan, Sesoko
3 specimens

Androsina lucasi

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Soritidae” > Genus “Androsina

Original description Levy, A., 1977, Bull. Cent. Rech. Explor.-Prod. Elf-Aquitaine, 393-449
Further reference Hallock, P., Peebles, W. M., 1993, Mar. Micropal., 277-292
Further reference Holzmann M., Hohenegger J., Hallock P., Piller W.E., Pawlowski J., 2001, Mar. Micropal., 43, 57-74 (602 KB)
Further reference Pawlowski , J., Holzmann, M., Fahrni, J., Hallock, P., 2001, J. Eukaryot. Microbiol., 48, 362-367 (598 KB)

General description

Tests in Androsina are planispirally coiled and involute in early stages, later chambers become peneropliform, then flabelliform and finally broadly arched but not annular. The interior of chambers is divided by pillars. Living specimens appear brownish - greenish and harbour chlorophycean endosymbionts.

Representative pictures

Androsina lucasi Androsina lucasi; living specimen
1 specimen

Archaias angulatus

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Soritidae” > Genus “Archaias

Original description Fichtel, L., Moll, J., P., C., 1798, Vienna, Camesina
Further reference Hallock, P., Peebles, W. M., 1993, Mar. Micropal., 277-292
Further reference Holzmann M., Hohenegger J., Hallock P., Piller W.E., Pawlowski J., 2001, Mar. Micropal., 43, 57-74 (602 KB)
Further reference Pawlowski , J., Holzmann, M., Fahrni, J., Hallock, P., 2001, J. Eukaryot. Microbiol., 48, 362-367 (598 KB)

General description

Early chambers in Archaias are planispiral and involute while later ones become cyclical and evolute and are divided by interseptal pillars. Living specimens are green because of their endosymbionts.

Representative pictures

Archaias angulatus Archaias angulatus; living specimen
5 specimens

Borelis schlumbergeri

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Alveolinidae” > Genus “Borelis

Original description Reichel, M., 1937, Mém. Soc. Paléontol. Suisse, 95-147
Further reference Holzmann M., Hohenegger J., Hallock P., Piller W.E., Pawlowski J., 2001, Mar. Micropal., 43, 57-74 (602 KB)

General description

The genus Borelis possesses spherical to fusiform tests, chambers are divided into chamberlets. Multiple apertures occur in a single row. Living specimens appear brownish in colour due to diatom endosymbionts

Representative pictures

Borelis schlumbergeri Borelis schlumbergeri
2 specimens

Broeckina sp.

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Soritidae” > Genus “Broeckina

Description Levy, A., 1977, Bull. Cent. Rech. Explor.-Prod. Elf-Aquitaine, 393-449
Further reference Hallock, P., Peebles, W. M., 1993, Mar. Micropal., 277-292
Further reference Holzmann M., Hohenegger J., Hallock P., Piller W.E., Pawlowski J., 2001, Mar. Micropal., 43, 57-74 (602 KB)
Further reference Pawlowski , J., Holzmann, M., Fahrni, J., Hallock, P., 2001, J. Eukaryot. Microbiol., 48, 362-367 (598 KB)

General description

Discoidal test with annular chambers that have internal subdivisions. Living specimens are green due to chlorophycean endosymbionts. Occurence: Carribean Sea.

Representative pictures

Broeckina sp. Broeckina sp., living specimen
1 specimen

Cyclorbiculina compressa

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Soritidae” > Genus “Cyclorbiculina

Original description Orbigny, A.D., , 1839, 2
Description Crapon de Caprona d`Ersu, A., 1983, Rev. Paléobiol., 347-390
Further reference Hallock, P., Peebles, W. M., 1993, Mar. Micropal., 277-292
Further reference Holzmann M., Hohenegger J., Hallock P., Piller W.E., Pawlowski J., 2001, Mar. Micropal., 43, 57-74 (602 KB)
Further reference Pawlowski , J., Holzmann, M., Fahrni, J., Hallock, P., 2001, J. Eukaryot. Microbiol., 48, 362-367 (598 KB)

General description

Test growth in Cyclorbiculina compressa starts with planispiral and involute chambers that rapidly increase in size and finally become annular.Chambers are divided by partitions. Living specimens possess a green colour due to chlorophycean endosymbionts.

Representative pictures

Cyclorbiculina compressa Cyclorbiculina compressa Cyclorbiculina compressa; living specimen Cyclorbiculina compressa Cyclorbiculina compressa
1 specimen

Dendritina zhengae

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Peneroplidae” > Genus “Dendritina

Original description Hatta, A., Ujiie, H., 1992, Bull. Coll. Scie. Univ. Ryukyus, 49-119
Further reference Holzmann M., Hohenegger J., Hallock P., Piller W.E., Pawlowski J., 2001, Mar. Micropal., 43, 57-74 (602 KB)
Description Hohenegger, J., Yordanova, E., Nakano, N., Tatzreiter, F., 1999, Mar. Micropal., 109-168

General description

D. zhengae has an evolute planispiral test that becomes uncoiled in later portions. The aperture is dendritic. Living specimens are distinguished by a purple colour due to rhodophycean endosymbionts.

Representative pictures

Dendritina zhengae Dendritina zhengae
1 specimen

Laevipeneroplis bradyi

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Soritidae” > Genus “Laevipeneroplis

Original description Cushman, J. A., 1930, Ocean. Bull. US Nat. Mus., 104, 1-79
Further reference Hallock, P., Peebles, W. M., 1993, Mar. Micropal., 277-292
Further reference Holzmann M., Hohenegger J., Hallock P., Piller W.E., Pawlowski J., 2001, Mar. Micropal., 43, 57-74 (602 KB)
Further reference Pawlowski , J., Holzmann, M., Fahrni, J., Hallock, P., 2001, J. Eukaryot. Microbiol., 48, 362-367 (598 KB)
Description Gudmundsson, G., 1994, Micropaleontology, 40, 101-155
Revision Seiglie, A., G., Grove, K., Rivera, A., J., 1976, Ecol. Geol. Helv., 70, 855-883

General description

Laevipeneroplis bradyi have planispiral tests with chambers that are partially evolute in early stages and later become flaring. Living specimens show a bright green colour due to chlorophycean endosymbionts.

Representative pictures

Laevipeneroplis bradyi Laevipeneroplis bradyi; living specimens
1 specimen

Laevipeneroplis karreri

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Soritidae” > Genus “Laevipeneroplis

Original description Wiesner, H.,, 1923; Prag-Bubenec, 1-113
Description Cimerman, F., Langer, M., , 1991, 30, Academia Scientiarum et Artium Slovenica Classis IV: Historia Naturalis, 1-119

General description

Early chambers are planispirally enrolled, later chambers become flabellate and increase in breadth. Living specimens have a green colour due to chlorophycean symbionts.

Representative pictures

Laevipeneroplis karreri_6669
2 specimens

Laevipeneroplis proteus

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Soritidae” > Genus “Laevipeneroplis

Original description Orbigny, A.D., , 1839, 2
Further reference Hallock, P., Peebles, W. M., 1993, Mar. Micropal., 277-292
Further reference Holzmann M., Hohenegger J., Hallock P., Piller W.E., Pawlowski J., 2001, Mar. Micropal., 43, 57-74 (602 KB)
Further reference Pawlowski , J., Holzmann, M., Fahrni, J., Hallock, P., 2001, J. Eukaryot. Microbiol., 48, 362-367 (598 KB)
Description Gudmundsson, G., 1994, Micropaleontology, 40, 101-155
Description Seiglie, A., G., Grove, K., Rivera, A., J., 1976, Ecol. Geol. Helv., 70, 855-883

General description

Early chambers are planispiral and involute, later ones are more or less flaring. Hallock and Peebles (1993) state that this species is morphologically very variable. Chlorophyte symbionts lead to a green colour in living specimens.

Representative pictures

Laevipeneroplis proteus Laevipeneroplis proteus; living specimen
1 specimen

Laevipeneroplis spp.

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Soritidae” > Genus “Laevipeneroplis

Further reference Holzmann M., Hohenegger J., Hallock P., Piller W.E., Pawlowski J., 2001, Mar. Micropal., 43, 57-74 (602 KB)
Further reference Pawlowski , J., Holzmann, M., Fahrni, J., Hallock, P., 2001, J. Eukaryot. Microbiol., 48, 362-367 (598 KB)
Description of genus Loeblich, A., J., R., Tappan, H., 1988, vol.1-2, Van Nostrand, Reinhold, New York

General description

Planispiral test with later chambers becoming flaring. Chlorophycean symbionts cause a green colour in living specimens.

Representative pictures

Laevipeneroplis sp. from Guam
2 specimens

Marginopora vertebralis

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Soritidae” > Genus “Marginopora

Original description Blainville, H., M., D., 1830, 60, Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles, F. G. Levrault, Paris
Further reference Holzmann M., Hohenegger J., Hallock P., Piller W.E., Pawlowski J., 2001, Mar. Micropal., 43, 57-74 (602 KB)
Further reference Garcia-Cuetos, L., Pochon, X., Pawlowski, J., 2005, Protist, 156, 399-412 (401 KB)
Description Gudmundsson, G., 1994, Micropaleontology, 40, 101-155

General description

Large thick discoidal test with multiple rows of pores on the peripheral margin. Apertures are rounded to circular with a calcified rim like in Sorites. Brownish colour in living specimens due to dinophycean symbionts.

Representative pictures

Marginopora vertebralis, living specimen Marginopora vertebralis
6 specimens

Parasorites sp.

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Soritidae” > Genus “Parasorites

Description Levy, A., 1977, Bull. Cent. Rech. Explor.-Prod. Elf-Aquitaine, 393-449
Further reference Holzmann M., Hohenegger J., Hallock P., Piller W.E., Pawlowski J., 2001, Mar. Micropal., 43, 57-74 (602 KB)

General description

Discoidal test with annular chambers that are subdivided into chamberlets. Green colour in living specimens is caused by chlorophycean endosymbionts. Occurence: Indopacific.

Representative pictures

Parasorites sp., Japan, Sesoko, Okinawa Parasorites sp., Japan, Sesoko, Okinawa Parasorites sp., Japan, Sesoko, Okinawa Parasorites sp.
3 specimens

Peneroplis pertusus

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Peneroplidae” > Genus “Peneroplis

Original description Forskal, P., 1775, Copenhagen, 125
Further reference Holzmann M., Hohenegger J., Hallock P., Piller W.E., Pawlowski J., 2001, Mar. Micropal., 43, 57-74 (602 KB)
Description Cimerman, F., Langer, M., , 1991, 30, Academia Scientiarum et Artium Slovenica Classis IV: Historia Naturalis, 1-119

General description

Discoidal test, central part of the test is inflated, one to two rows of apertures are aligned in a median groove. The test surface is ornamented with longitudinal stria. Living specimens have a distinct purple colour due to rhodophycean symbionts.

Representative pictures

Peneroplis pertusus
2 specimens

Peneroplis planatus

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Peneroplidae” > Genus “Peneroplis

Original description Fichtel, L., Moll, J., P., C., 1798, Vienna, Camesina
Further reference Holzmann M., Hohenegger J., Hallock P., Piller W.E., Pawlowski J., 2001, Mar. Micropal., 43, 57-74 (602 KB)
Description Cimerman, F., Langer, M., , 1991, 30, Academia Scientiarum et Artium Slovenica Classis IV: Historia Naturalis, 1-119

General description

Compressed test with involute and planispirally enrolled chambers in an early stage. Longitudinal stria as surface ornaments, apertures are arranged in a series of pores. As in all Peneroplidae, chambers have no internal subdivisions and rhodophyceans are housed as endosymbionts.

Representative pictures

Peneroplis planatus Peneroplis planatus
5 specimens

Siphonaperta sp.

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Hauerinidae” > Genus “Siphonaperta

Original description of genus Vella, P., 1957, Pal. Bull. Wellington, New Zealand, 28, 1-64
Further reference Hottinger, L., Halicz, E., Reiss, Z., 1993, 33, Academia Scientiarum et Artium Slovenica Classis IV: Historia Naturalis
Description of genus Loeblich, A., J., R., Tappan, H., 1988, vol.1-2, Van Nostrand, Reinhold, New York

General description

Agglutinated test, chambers arranged in quinqueloculine manner. Aperture at the end of a short neck.

Representative pictures

Siphonaperta sp._13213
1 specimen

Sorites spp.

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Soritidae” > Genus “Sorites

Original description of genus Ehrenberg, C., G., 1839, Physikal. Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 81-174
Further reference Holzmann M., Hohenegger J., Hallock P., Piller W.E., Pawlowski J., 2001, Mar. Micropal., 43, 57-74 (602 KB)
Further reference Pawlowski , J., Holzmann, M., Fahrni, J., Pochon, X., Lee, J., J., 2001, J. Eukaryot. Microbiol., 48, 368-373 (124 KB)
Further reference Garcia-Cuetos, L., Pochon, X., Pawlowski, J., 2005, Protist, 156, 399-412 (401 KB)
Description of genus Loeblich, A., J., R., Tappan, H., 1988, vol.1-2, Van Nostrand, Reinhold, New York

General description

Discoidal test, early chambers are peneroplid, later chambers become annular and divided into chamberlets that are connected by a stolon system. Apertures occur along the peripheral margin, they are more or less circular and surrounded by a calcified rim. Living specimens have a brownish colour due to Symbiodinium endosymbionts.

Representative pictures

Sorites sp. , Australia, Rottness Island Sorites sp., USA, Florida Keys Sorites sp., Israel, Elat
9 specimens

Spirolina acicularis

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Peneroplidae” > Genus “Spirolina

Original description Batsch, A., I., G., C.,, 1791, Jena
Description Bock, W., D., Lynts, G., W., Smith, S., Wright, R., Hay, W., W., Jones, J., I., 1971, Miami Geological Society Publications, Memoir 1

General description

Peneroplid coiling of early chambers. The later portion of the test becomes uncoiled and uniserial. Living specimens are red due to rhodophycean symbionts.

Representative pictures

Spirulina acicularis
1 specimen

Spirolina arietinus

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Peneroplidae” > Genus “Spirolina

Original description Batsch, A., I., G., C.,, 1791, Jena
Description Bock, W., D., Lynts, G., W., Smith, S., Wright, R., Hay, W., W., Jones, J., I., 1971, Miami Geological Society Publications, Memoir 1

General description

Peneroplid coiling in early portion but not completely involute, later chambers become uncoiled. red colour in living specimens due to rhodophycean endosymbionts.

Representative pictures

Spirolina arietinus Spirolina arietinus Spirolina arietinus
1 specimen

Spirophtalmidium sp.

Order “Miliolida” > Family “Ophtalmidiidae” > Genus “Spirophtalmidium

Original description of genus Cushman, J., A., 1927, Contr. Cushman Lab. For. Res., 3, 1-105
Description of genus Hottinger, L., Halicz, E., Reiss, Z., 1993, 33, Academia Scientiarum et Artium Slovenica Classis IV: Historia Naturalis

General description

Evolute test, fusiform in lateral view. Biloculine chamber arrangement, aperture at the end of an elongated neck.

Representative pictures

Spirophtalmidium sp._13207
1 specimen